Einkorn Wheat, also called Stone Age Wheat, is most likely the earliest domesticated wheat dating back 10,000 years. As a common trait among the three oldest domesticated wheats (the others being Emmer and Spelt), it is a hulled wheat so needs an additional process after thrashing to remove the hulls. These wheats are sold for seed with the hulls on as dehulling damages a certain percentage of the wheat kernels and therefore can reduce germination. We do, however, have one Einkorn variety which is free thrashing, called Blé Dur Arcour. Einkorn wheat heads are much smaller and narrower than modern wheats and the heads are quite brittle. There appears to be less fungus disease among einkorn wheats than among hard red spring wheats. People are showing a great deal of interest in Einkorn wheat these days with all the recent problems in wheat allergies and celiac disease, which turn around the problem with the change in gluten in modern bread wheats.
Black Einkorn has flat black heads that are not very long and resemble the heads of crested wheat grass.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
Blond Einkorn is very similar to Black Einkorn but the plants are shorter and the blond heads are also shorter.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
Despite its name, Alaska Spelt is a Triticum monococcum, and as such resembles the two preceding varieties. It is the tallest of the four einkorns and has rich yellow brown seed heads.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn