Grains are members of the grass family that are generally grown for their seeds. Amaranth and quinoa can be found under “Other Seed Crops” as they are not grains, but are a seed crop. Following is a selection of varieties of grains and cereals Jim has collected over the course of many years. This collection started by accident, beginning with ones that were very decorative. Jim acquired different varieties from all over the place and before he knew it, he had discovered a little known passion for the diversity in, and history attached to, all these different grains.
Triticum Petropavlovskyi is a species wheat that has dark green plants with fairly short plump heads with long beards. Large blond seeds.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Triticum Jacubzineri is a species wheat that has tall blue-grey plants that are a bit late maturing. The heads are large and slightly branched with medium beards.
OUT OF STOCKGrains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Triticum Isphanicum is a species wheat that has grey-green plants with weak stems that lodge easily. The heads are slender with medium beards and the seeds are long and slender, looking more like a wheat grass than a wheat. Named after a city in Iran.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Black Einkorn has flat black heads that are not very long and resemble the heads of crested wheat grass.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn / Decorative
Blond Einkorn is very similar to Black Einkorn but the plants are shorter and the blond heads are also shorter.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
Despite its name, Alaska Spelt is a Triticum monococcum, and as such resembles the two preceding varieties. It is the tallest of the four einkorns and has rich yellow brown seed heads.
OUT OF STOCKGrains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
Blé Dur Arcour has small flat blond heads with short beards (like Blond) but, unusual for an einkorn, most of the hulls are removed during threshing.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
Wild Einkorn is an ancestor of einkorn wheats. It is a hulled wheat with flat tan/brown heads with long beards. Dehulled seeds are very similar to einkorn seeds.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Einkorn
This is the most decorative wheat in Jim’s collection. The blue heads with black beards bend over when mature. This variety was still grown around Utrecht (Netherlands) in the early 1900’s. We finally have a definitive classification of it as an emmer with the name Triticum dicoccum var. atratum. Weight of 100 seeds about 5.1grams.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Species
Emmer is tall, with long bearded light brown heads that bend over when mature.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Emmer
Abyssinian is an emmer with a bit shorter heads and a bit earlier maturing than the above cultivar.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Emmer
Dark Hulled Emmer has tall plants with broad grey-green leaves. The long black heads have long blond beards. We have been selecting for the darkest heads.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Emmer
Spelt has long (up to 6”) slim heads which break easily. Plants and heads bend over when ripe. Until recently, we had only been growing Spring Spelt.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Spelt
Spelt has long (up to 6”) slim heads which break easily. Plants and heads bend over when ripe. Late in the fall of 2010, Jim seeded a Fall Spelt. It came up perfectly the following spring and produced a good crop.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Spelt
Alta Triticale has large long bearded heads with somewhat wrinkled seeds.Grains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Bumper Triticale also has large long bearded heads on fairly compact plants and it has smooth seeds.Grains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Welsh Triticale (1978) was named in memory of the late Dr. John Welsh, who in 1955 performed the first wheat-rye crosses at the University of Manitoba. It has long bearded heads and is used for wheat weaving.Grains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Braveheart Triticale has bearded heads not quite as long as Welsh and somewhat more plump seeds.Grains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Tritinaldia was bred by crossing wheat with Haynaldia (a grass) to try to confer more fungus resistance to wheat. The plants have long, plump heads with medium beards. The seeds are a lot longer than red spring wheat.
OUT OF STOCKGrains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Tritordeum was created in Spain in the 1970’s by crossing a wheat with Hordeum chilense. The cross was merely done to add fungus disease resistance to wheat, but this crop is now grown on a limited scale in Spain as it has been found to be valuable in its own right. It is a fall seeded crop whose bearded heads look like those of 6-row barley and whose seeds are hulled like common barley.Grains/Cereals / Wheat Cross
Sepp Holzer’s Rye is an annual rye cultivar that Sepp Holzer uses extensively on his permaculture farm at a high elevation in Austria. It is sometimes called a perennial but only because it is allowed to self-seed. We seeded it in the spring and it only made a large rosette of leaves (grass) the first year, but it rapidly produced seed the second year. It can also be spring seeded and mowed or grazed, or fall seeded. The plants are tall and slender with slim bearded heads. The seed is quite dark.Grains/Cereals / Rye
White Rye has tall (over 6’) gray-green plants that are not very stooled out. The long slim heads with medium beards produce light coloured grains and are quite subject to ergot.Grains/Cereals / Rye
In the spring of 2009 Jim seeded a sample of perennial rye and had 5 plants grow, which remained in the vegetative state all of that year. The following spring all 5 plants began growing early and produced seed. They have grown ever since and are now self seeding. Unfortunately they are very subject to ergot and have not produced much seed. However, the last two years have been our best crops with only 5-10% ergot.Grains/Cereals / Rye
Bell was the tallest oat with dark green robust upright plants and large seed heads. The long plump blond-hulled seeds weighed about 6g/100seeds.Grains/Cereals / Oats / Hulled Oats
Red Rust Proof was the shortest oat (along with Carvelle). Plants were dark green and somewhat less upright than Bell. The long blond-hulled seeds weighed a bit under 6g/100seeds.Grains/Cereals / Oats / Hulled Oats