Grains are members of the grass family that are generally grown for their seeds. Amaranth and quinoa can be found under “Other Seed Crops” as they are not grains, but are a seed crop. Following is a selection of varieties of grains and cereals Jim has collected over the course of many years. This collection started by accident, beginning with ones that were very decorative. Jim acquired different varieties from all over the place and before he knew it, he had discovered a little known passion for the diversity in, and history attached to, all these different grains.
Early maturing cultivar from a Thatcher cross, 1963.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring
Rouge de Bordeaux is a French wheat from the 19th century. It was normally fall seeded but could also be seeded in the spring. We have been growing it as a spring wheat. The very tall plants give a heavy yield of spectacularly long heads.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring
Purple Wheat is a bearded bread wheat with purple seeds plants reaching to 4’.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring
Peru Trigo (means wheat in Spanish) is a sample of wheat from Peru that looks like a hard white spring type. Some variability in the plants but mostly bearded compact heads.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring
Short and very upright. The heads are rather short and look like bottle cleaning brushes. The kernels are plump and almost round.
OUT OF STOCKGrains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Widely grown for food before common bread wheat dominated wheat growing. Club Wheat has short heads and beards, a good yield, threshes easily and produces plump blond kernels. Breeding work was done on club wheat in the northwestern US a hundred years or so ago and it became a minor crop there.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
A retired farmer from Humboldt gave Jim a sample that he called Barrel Wheat or Red Club Wheat. It has short plump beardless heads producing red kernels, a bit smaller than modern wheats, which are semi-hard and low protein. According to the literature it comes from a cross between a club wheat and a bread wheat in 1899 at Washington Agricultural Experimental Station. It was distributed to farmers in 1907 and has been grown almost exclusively in eastern Washington State.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
We now have two samples of T. polonicum whose seeds look practically identical but have very different heads, although both blond and bearded. The seeds of both samples are long and about twice the size of ordinary wheat. Polish was our original sample with medium length plump heads and long beards.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
We now have two samples of T. polonicum whose seeds look practically identical but have very different heads, although both blond and bearded. The seeds of both samples are long and about twice the size of ordinary wheat. Long Polish has loose heads twice as long as our other sample with slightly shorter beards.
Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Pelissier came to the USA from Algeria in 1900. In 1921 a selection was made at University of Saskatchewan which was registered in 1936. A drought resistant cultivar with black beards. Known in the USA as Peliss.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Lakota x Pelissier, 1973.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Ward x Macoun, 1982. Blond beards.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Moroccan Frost is very uniform in height and the shortest of the durums. It has shorter, plumper heads and longer beards than Medora.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Black Tip is a short durum wheat with light coloured heads contrasted with dark awns.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Blue Durum has dark brown seeds and large heads with long black beards.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Durum / Decorative
Black has long (4”-5”) black heads and beards. This is probably a named variety but we do not know its name.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring / Decorative
Tan/Blue has short plump heads, tan with metallic blue highlights and beards. This is probably a named variety but we do not know its name.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring / Decorative
Egyptian is a sample Jim received of a short (just over 3’) upright common bread wheat. The blond heads are plump and medium-long and the beards spread outward as well as upward.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Hard Red Spring / Decorative
Named after the great Russian plant scientist and collector. This old wheat has a very irregular seed head and is somewhat difficult to thresh.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Species
An old wheat species with large blond grains that are used in the production of pasta. Rivet has branched heads like Vavilov and is also bearded.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Species
Very similar to Rivet Wheat, an old wheat species with large blond grains that are used in the production of pasta. Poulard has plump blond heads with black beards, somewhat like durum wheat.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Triticum Militinae is a species wheat that has flat compact dark heads with lighter long beards. Seeds are longer, slimmer, and darker than modern bread wheat.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Decorative / Species
Triticum Ovatum is a hulled wheat with long blonde slender heads and long blonde beards.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
An ancient grain cultivated in the Republic of Georgia. With its slender stems and flat heads, it looks like a larger, more robust Einkorn and is also difficult to thresh.
OUT OF STOCKGrains/Cereals / Wheat / Species
Another ancient cultivated grain from the Republic of Georgia. Heads somewhat longer than Timopheevi, about 5cm long, and bearded.Grains/Cereals / Wheat / Species